Acne, or acne vulgaris, is a skin disease related to the oil glands at the base of hair follicles of the face, chest and back. It is prevalent among almost all teenagers during puberty when the sebaceous glands are most active and secrete too much of the skin’s natural oil, called sebum. Sebum clogs pores in the skin, resulting in a pimple – or several pimples. Bacteria in the sebum can inflame and worsen the acne. A pimple or acne blotch can appear anywhere, but usually hits the face.
Other usual places for acne breakouts include the neck, shoulders, chest, and back. Acne is very common and not dangerous but can leave scars on the skin. About three-quarters of 11 – 30 years-old will get acne at some time. Acne can affect individuals of all ages regardless of race and origin. It is prevalent in adolescents and young adults, although some people still get acne in their fifties.
. Although acne strikes both men and women, young men however suffer for longer most likely due to testosterone, present in higher quantities in young men, which can make acne worse. Actual causes of acne are unknown. Experts conclude the fundamental cause is a rise in hormone androgen levels. Androgen levels rise when a child reaches adolescence.
Rising androgen levels accelerate the growth of the sebaceous oil glands under your skin; the expanded glands produce more sebum oil. Excessive amount of sebum can break down follicle walls in your pores, causing bacteria to grow and result in inflammation. The clogged pore may cause the follicle wall to bulge and produce a whitehead. Or the plug may be open to the surface and may darken, leading to a blackhead. A blackhead may look like dirt stuck in pores.
But actually the pore is congested with bacteria and oil, which turns brown when it’s exposed to the air. Some studies indicate that acne could also be genetic. Some medications that contain androgen and lithium may cause acne. Greasy cosmetics may cause acne in some susceptible people. Hormone changes during pregnancy may induce acne either to develop for the first time, or to recur.
In general, the purposes of acne treatments are to check or minimize pimples, and to check scarring. Early treatment is best to avoid scarring. The treatment selected for acne is dependent upon the type of acne and the severity of the acne. Preventive measures that may check or reduce the prevalence of acne include: These products are sold in the forms of medicated cleansing liquids, lotions, bars, creams, gels, wipes and pads, and they normally include one or more of these ingredients: salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, sulfur plus resorcinol, retin-A and azeliac acid. 1.
Benzoyl Peroxide It eliminates bacteria and slows down your glands oil. It works as a peeling agent, accelerating skin turnover and clearing pores, which in turn reduces the bacterial count in the affected area. 2. Salicylic Salicylic acid reduces the shedding of cells inside the hair follicles and helps prevent clogged pores. It is often added to acne facial washes and cleansers, as well as gels and creams.
Salicylic acid may cause burning, stinging and redness of the skin. 3. Sulfur Sulfur helps treat acne by blocking the growth of P acnes, and may also help wipe out dead skin cells and excess oil. It’s often combined with resorcinol or sulfacetamide. It may lead to redness, dryness and peeling of the skin.
The use of sulfur products is often limited due to its detectable odor and chalky yellowish color. 4. Resorcinol It helps control blackheads and whiteheads. It is a crystalline phenol that is derived from various resins. It is also used for treating dandruft, eczema and psoriasis.
Products with resorcinol may cause a temporary dark scaling on people with darker skin tone. 5. Retin-A It helps open up blocked pores. Retin-A contains Tretinoin, an acid from vitamin A. Retin-A has been commonly used to prevent aging of the skin, and it also functions as a chemical peel. 6.
Azeliac Acid It fortifies cells that line the follicles, prevents oil eruptions, minimizes bacteria growth. It is a natural saturated dicarboxylic acid which is present in wheat, rye, and barley. Azelaic acid also removes free radicals and thus lowers inflammation. It is particularly helpful for individuals who have darker skin and with dark patches on their face (melasma), or whose acne spots leave persistent brown marks. Sometimes, further treatment is necessary to maintain skin health.
To wipe out or curb an acne breakout, you can try: For severe acne, work with a dermatologist (a skin medical expert) to receive the most appropriate treatment for your acne. It’s crucial to follow acne treatment until your doctor tells you to stop – otherwise, you may risk another acne breakout just when your skin starts to clear. Without proper treatment, you may confront continual acne breakouts and scarring of the skin, as well as anxiety and low self-esteem. Acne will normally vanish after you’re out of adolescence, but there are also adults who struggle with acne and problem skin and need treatment for it.